Bonsai - 盆栽
The name bonsai comes from "good" = pot and "sai" = plant, and therefore means "dwarf tree".
Bonsai comes from an ancient chinese tradition that consisted of potting wild trees taken from nature. This tradition was adopted by Japan in the 7th century when it was improved and transformed into an art form.
Bonsai are specially cultivated trees that keep their small size thanks to regular pruning of leaves, branches and roots.
Bonsai can be shaped.
The most common way to train a tree is to prune it regularly to refine it or give it a special appearance. Trees can also be tied off with wires to reposition branches. You can also work with dead wood, reveal the roots, modify the thickness of the trunk, which will give bonsai with very different aspects.