Koi carp - 鯉
The koi carp, formerly called "nishikigoi" (colored carp) is a breed of ornamental fish obtained from crosses between individuals of the common carp which lived in the rice fields.
The koi carp was introduced to Japan during the Chinese invasions in the 1800s. The first farms were in Niigata in the rice fields. In 1914, eight koi carp were offered to Emperor Taisho's son, which allowed it to spread to the rest of Japan and the world.
This fish is highly prized and bred in China, Korea, Japan and Vietnam.
Koi are considered to be a symbol of love, courage and strength, as they are fish capable of moving up streams of water.
There are over 20 varieties of koi carp, depending on how many colors they have, the colors of their scales. Koi can live up to 40 years and measure up to 80cm.
The koi carp being very calm, they bring beauty and serenity to the gardens.