Sumo tournaments - 場所
There are 6 official tournaments taking place over a year. During these tournaments the rikishi fight all day. The rikishis are first presented, dressed in their mawachi (loincloth worn by sumo wrestlers) and an apron.
The fights are preceded by a ceremony which lasts about 3 to 4 minutes. At first the town crier calls the two wrestlers. Rikishi should perform a shiko (a relaxation exercise in which one leg is lifted up and forcefully dropped to the ground). They do this with each of their legs and then go back to their corner. Each wrestler is then given a cup of water to rinse their mouth. The two wrestlers then take a handful of salt and throw it on the ground to purify the place and then move towards the center. They will then get into a squatting position with outstretched arms, palms up and then down to symbolically show that they do not have a weapon. The wrestlers will then have to return to their corners, then relaunch a handful of salt before performing a shiko again.
Then the two wrestlers meet in the center of the circle behind their white line and put their fists on the ground. The fight will not begin until the two rikishis have put their two fists on the ground. The bout lasts only a few seconds and ends when one of the wrestlers has left the circle or when he puts something other than his feet on the ground. Once the fight is over the winner is presented with a letter including a sum of money.