History of daruma - だるま
Daruma is the representation of an extremely important character in the history of Buddhism, Bodhidharma. Born a prince in India, he came to China to meditate as a Buddhist priest. He spent nine years sitting in the meditation position facing the entrance to a cave to achieve enlightenment.
This long period of ascent caused him to lose the use of his limbs, which is why the doll representing him is all round, with no visible limbs.
Moreover, while meditating, Bodhidharma fell asleep. To prevent this from happening again, the priest cut out his eyelids and threw them away.
Right where her eyelids rested on the ground, a foreground of green tea began to grow. Priests have since continued to use green tea to stay awake.
Bodhidarma has become a symbol of perseverance. The first daruma were made in the 18th century at the Shorinzan temple (also called daruma dera), to give strength and courage to the people. The daruma are made of wood or paper mache, in different colors.